There are mainly four types of Khadi: Cotton, Muslin, woolen and Silk. In addition to this there is also a variety called polyvastra which is produced in certain Khadi units. Polyvastra is a combination of polyester and cotton. The Khadi units can be mainly classified in to three. One type of Khadi units are those where there is only spinning activity is undertaken. The second categories are those exclusively focused on weaving. Other than these two there are Khadi units where both spinning and weaving are undertaken simultaneously.
Payyannur khadi center, is the major Khadi production center under the board. This unit was under the control of Tamil nadu Government before the formation of the Kerala State. This unit come under the Kerala Khadi and Village Industries Board on 1-11-1959. After the implementation of the Special Employment Programme the Board has established the Departmental Khadi Productions units in all Districts. The departmental units in Kannur and Kasargod districts are under the control of Payyanur Khadi Center and other units are controlled by the District Project Officers. There are around 232 spinning centers and 154 weaving centers under the direct control of the Board and around 6000 artisans engaged in khadi production. During the year 2014-15 were produced 92.85 lakhs yarn worth to Rs. 854.36 (Lakhs) and 11.75 lakh Sq.Mtr cloth worth to Rs. 1719.91 lakhs. The major products produced from Khadi Cotton are various types of Dhothies, Shirtings, Towels, Bed sheets, Bedspread, Uniform cloth and Other varieties.
A Cotton Processing Plant also established at Ettukudukka in Kannur District for the supplying of raw material viz; sliver to the Departmental units.
(RS. IN LAKHS)
The Government of Kerala has appointed a committee under the charimanship of vetaran Gandhian Padmasree P. Gopinathan Nair for the studying about the problems in Khadi units and improvisation & Modernisation of khadi production activities. They have submitted the report to the Chief Minister of Kerala, the Govt: have approved the reccomendations of the committee and provided a sum of Rs. 1209 Lakhs for the year 2013-14, Rs. 1209/- Lakh. GOPINATHAN NAIR COMMITTEE REPORT
Khadi workers come under ESI
A project to bring all Khadi labourers of the State under Employee’s State Insurance (ESI) scheme was inaugurated by Chief Minister Oommen Chandy in Kozhikode on 26-7-2014.Kerala is the first State in the country to implement this project, which offers the benefits of ESI to the employees besides the benefits from the Khadi labourers Welfare Fund Board. The scheme would benefit around 12,000 Khadi labourers in the State.